On December 22, 1962, [Chicago] Police Officer Paul Batson was on patrol with his partner heading eastbound on west Armitage Street. They witnessed a white Chevrolet convertible traveling on the wrong side of Armitage at a high rate of speed, which forced the officers’ vehicle into the curb. The officers gave chase, but the driver of the suspect vehicle increased his speed and refused to pull over. As the chase ended, the driver leapt from his vehicle, raised his hands, but refused to turn around as commanded by Batson and his partner. Police Officer Batson used necessary force to subdue the driver and placed him under arrest. During the arrest, Batson suffered a heart attack and expired.